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India is a diverse country, not just culturally but geographically too. Here are some interesting facts and figures about the geography of our country:
Geographical Area – With an area of 3,287,240 sqkm, India is the seventh largest country in the world by area and 2nd largest by population.
Coldest Place – Dras, located in the Kargil district of Jammu & Kashmir, is the coldest place in India. It is situated at a height of approximately 11,000 feet.
Easternmost Point – The tiny town of Kibithu in Arunachal Pradesh is the easternmost point of India. The Lohit River enters India from Kibithu.
Westernmost Point – The westernmost point of India is the small inhabited village of Ghuar Moti, located in the Kutch District of Gujarat.
Northernmost Point – Located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas, Siachen Glacier, near Indira Col, is the northernmost point in India.
Southernmost Point – Indira Point in Great Nicobar Island in the Andaman Sea is the southernmost point of India.
Southernmost Point on Indian Mainland – Kanyakumari in the town of Tamil Nadu is the southernmost point of the Indian Subcontinent and Indian Mainland.
Wettest Place – Located in the East Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya, Cherrapunji is often touted as the wettest place on earth. It holds the record for the most rainfall in a calendar month and year.
Smallest Indian State – With an area of 3,702 sqkm, Goa is the smallest state in India by area, and 4th smallest by population.
Largest Indian State – Rajasthan is India’s largest state by area (342,239 sqkm) and 8th largest by population.
Highest Point – India’s highest point is Mount Kanchenjunga at 28,169 feet. It is located in the eastern Himalayas in the state of Sikkim.
Lowest Point – Located in the Alapphuza, Pathanamthitta and Kottyam districts of Kerala, Kuttanad is a region with the lowest altitude in India. It is one of the few places in the world that supports farming below sea level.
Longest River – The River Ganges is the longest in India with a length of 2,525 kms. It starts in the western Himalayas in the state of Uttarakhand and empties into the Bay of Bengal, passing through the Gangetic plain of North India.
Largest District – Sprawling an area of 45,652 sqkm, Kutch in the state of Gujarat, is the largest district in India. It consists largely of the Rann of Kutch which is a large salt flat desert.
Smallest District – Mahe, with an area of 9 sqkm, is the smallest district in India. Geographically it comes under the state of Kerala, whereas administratively it is under the control of Pondicherry.
Largest Delta – A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sundarbans, with an area of 10,000 sqkm, is the largest delta in India. It is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal Tiger.